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THE MOST COMMONLY SOUGHT AFTER PLANETARY NEBULAE
(KNOWN, POSSIBLE, AND MISCLASSIFIED)
By: Jay McNeil

UPDATE 04/28/04: This file, with all the PN data on Jay's list, is available as a text file from this page:
http://www.blackskies.org/intro.html#Files  there are two files - a readme file, and the data file. 

    In my opinion, planetary nebulae compose one of the most intriguing classifications of
objects in the entire sky.  This is primarily due to the fact that so many of these gaseous
stellar ejection's have been misclassified in the past by well-informed professional
astronomers who were very dedicated to the study of such objects.  Recent studies and
observations of the spectra, expansion velocities, and non-visual emissions of planetaries
and their corresponding central stars have shown that many objects previously classified
as planetary nebulae are actually symbiotic and Be stars, reflection nebulae, HII regions,
Wolf-Rayet ejections, and even galaxies.
However, similar studies have also shown a number of misclassified celestial objects
mentioned above to actually be planetary nebulae.  Furthermore, a few objects have been
known to alternate between classifications over a period of time (Ex: Abell 21), and many
amateurs (myself included) know what this can do to a search for valuable information
on such an object.

For this and many other reasons, I have taken the time to compile a variety of information
on a host of known, possible, and misclassified planetary nebulae for use by the typical amateur astronomer.  The following list consists of over 450 objects scattered throughout
the sky, and the only true requirement for the list is that each included object must have a declination greater than -60 degrees.  This is because of my Houston, Texas residency and the fact that I will probably observe Abell 47 with my naked eye before I can afford an observing trip below the equator.  Otherwise, the list contains what I call "the most commonly sought after planetary nebulae." 
By all means, this does not imply that the list is conclusive of all observable planetaries in the sky.  On the contrary, every object in the list has at one time or another been questioned by myself or others as being possibly observable.  Of course, not all included objects are visually observable with present amateur equipment, and a very few will possibly never be visually detected with any size telescope.  In my opinion, however, a negative observation of a 17.0 magnitude planetary with a surface brightness of 16.5 magnitudes per square arc minute is not an unsuccessful observation, as long as I am confident that I have pushed my observing skills, my equipment, and my skies to their limits!
    The list is an excellent companion for those who wish to go beyond the typical list of up
to about 100 observable planetaries found in a lot of amateur material.  Furthermore, the
list can present quite a challenge to even the most experienced observer.  Indeed, anyone who has observed over 400 of these objects has accomplished a significant feat.  
Every possible cross-reference at my disposal was included in the listing (IRAS and EUVE
designations were usually omitted), and most were spelled out to avoid the confusion of
acronyms and abbreviations.  The few that were not spelled out are explained below.  
The right ascension and declination of each object is included with 2000.0 coordinates.  

   The magnitude of each object, if found, was included.   Even though most of the magnitudes listed are photographic (these are most commonly found in professional literature), some of them are in fact visual estimates (these are noted by a following "v").  However, do not be offended by seemingly high magnitude estimates when observing planetary nebulae.  When using published magnitudes for observing such extended and diffuse objects as some planetaries, it is very easy to overlook many easily observable
objects based upon the predicted visual magnitude limits of your equipment. Furthermore, magnitude(visual and/or photographic) is not nearly as important as the surface brightness of a non-stellar object when at the telescope. The included list of magnitudes, therefore, is only used as a very general reference by myself.  For example, I found the 16.4 magnitude Abell 77 to be a fairly easy target for my 16" f/5.1 on a good night less than 90 miles from Houston,Texas.  Of course, the proper usage of
narrow-band filters with any telescope will greatly increase the number of planetaries
visible under any observable sky conditions.  The sizes included in the list are generally visual sizes, however some may actually differ from observable sizes due to a lot of the data being compiled from professional literature.  The included classification of each planetary is based upon the planetary nebulae classification system set forth by Vorontsov-Vel'yaminov, which is described below.  Also included in each listing is the constellation in which the object resides and the Uranometria 2000.0 page # on which the object should be located. 
A few of the objects will have to be hand plotted, and some of these are well worth the effort (Ex: Abell 12).  The visual magnitude of the central star of each planetary was included if available.  However, there are presently many acceptable ways to measure the brightness of such gas-enshrouded stars, and with each different procedure a different magnitude estimate results.  I would therefore suggest using this list of central star magnitudes as a general reference.

    My reasons for including a number of possible and misclassified planetary nebulae are
based upon the alternating classifications previously mentioned, which correspond to our
technological advances and new theories on the role that planetaries play in stellar evolution, and for convenience when cross-referencing.  Furthermore, many of such misclassified planetaries have very interesting visual histories (Ex: has anyone seen the "real" IC 2120 lately?). Also, a great deal of data was compiled from a number of various resources for this project.  These resources range from professional journals and databases (to which amateurs have limited access) to personal observing notes of my own; therefore, some of the included data may not seem to be very relative to what can actually be observed.  This is exactly why I urge every active observer to find out how many of these objects are observable, regardless of telescope size.  After all, the only unsuccessful observation is the observation not attempted.  If you feel that you have made a spectacular or otherwise unusual observation of any lesser-known planetary nebula or related object, then feel free to contact me.  I know that a lot of these objects, that were until recently considered out of the amateur's league, are actually very acceptable in such an observing program, and this presents quite a challenge to any observer like myself.


Jay McNeil

icnebula@primenet.com

                                                                  
  Notes:  IC = Index Catalogue
             NGC = New General Catalogue
             PK = Perek & Kohoutek Catalogue
             V-V = Vorontsov-Vel'yaminov(1961)
             VV = Vorontsov-Vel'yaminov(1962)
             MINK = Minkowski
             ARO = Algonquin Radio Observatory Catalogue(Higgs)
             ESO = European Southern Observatory(Holmberg, Lauberts, Schuster, West)
             IRAS = Infrared Astronomical Satellite(Joint IRAS Working Group)
             MSCL = misclassified planetary nebula
             aka = "also known as"
             R = radio diameter
             B = Johnson's B filter magnitude(~3800-5500 Angstroms)
             V = visual magnitude
             P = photographic magnitude
             N = near-infrared magnitude(1.25um)
             v = variable magnitude
             
             I = stellar
             II = smooth disc
                    A = brighter towards center
                    B = uniform brightness
                    C = traces of ring structure
             III = irregular disc
                     A = very irregular brightness distribution
                     B = traces of ring structure
             IV = ring structure
             V = irregular form
             VI = anomalous form

 

THE MOST COMMONLY SOUGHT AFTER PLANETARY NEBULAE
(KNOWN, POSSIBLE, AND MISCLASSIFIED)
DATA COMPILED BY: JAY MCNEIL

RA     DEC     MAG      SIZE     CLASS CON URA C.S.      NOTES
____________________________________________________________________________

PK118+8.2 ABELL86 VV584 ARO245
00 01 29.3 +70 42 32 16.7P 63.0" 2C CEP 15 20.0

PK118+2.1 SHARPLESS1_118 VV1 ARO197 SH1_118
00 07 20.5 +64 57 21 ---- 126.0" MSCL? CAS 15 ---- OBJECT'S IRAS-COLOUR IS TYPICAL OF HII REGION

PK119+6.1 ABELL1 VV2 ARO198
00 12 57.3 +69 10 20 18.3P 47.0" 2B CEP 15 20.5B LARGE PN

NGC40 PK120+9.1 VV3 ARO1
00 13 00.98 +72 31 19.3 10.7P 48.0" 3B+3 CEP 15 11.58 LOW EXCIT. PN/ W-R NUCLEUS

PK119+0.1 BOHM-VITENSE5-1 ARO199 BV5_1
00 19 59.3 +62 59 01 15.68P 18.0" ---- CAS 15 22.3 HIGHLY-ENRICHED PN/ POSSIBLE BIPOLAR PN

PK119-6.1 HUMASON1_1 VV5 ARO18 Hu1_1
00 28 15.0 +55 57 54 13.3P 5.0" 2 CAS 35 19.15 SPECT. BINARY NUCLEUS/ COMPACT PN

PNG120.2-05.3(aka PK120-5.1) SHARPLESS2-176 SH2_176
00 31 53.5 +57 22 33 ---- 720.0" ---- CAS 36 18.7 sdO-TYPE C.S./FILAMENTS

PNG108.4-76.1(aka PK108-76.1) BOESHAAR,BOND1 BB1
00 37 18.0 -13 42 12 16.35P 3.0" ---- CET 261 ---- GALACTIC HALO OBJECT

PK122-4.1 ABELL2 VV6 ARO202
00 45 36.0 +57 57 24 16.3P 36.0" 2C CAS 36 20.07B LARGE MULTIPLE-SHELL PN

NGC246 PK118-74.1 VV7 ARO43
00 47 03.32 -11 52 19.3 8.0P 245.0" 3B CET 261 11.96 VISUAL C.S. COMPANION/
BRIGHTEST KNOWN PG1159 TYPE C.S.

PNG128.0-04.1 SHARPLESS2_188 LBN128.04-04.12 SH2_188
01 30 40.0 +58 22 00 ---- 540.0" ---- CAS 37 17.44 FAIRLY HIGH S/B FOR ANCIENT PN/
CRESCENT SHAPED/ OFTEN CAT. AS HII REG./ FILAMENTS

MESSIER76 M76 NGC650 & NGC651 PK130-10.1 VV9 ARO2 "LITTLE DUMBELL"
01 42 19.3 +51 34 30 12.2P 67.0" 3+6 PER 37 15.9 VISUAL C.S. COMPANION/ 290" HALO/BIPOLAR PN

PK131-5.1 BOHM-VITENSE5_3 ARO203 BV5_3
01 53 03.5 +56 24 23 14.95P 24.0" ---- PER 37 18.0B LARGE EXTENDED PN

IC1747 PK130+1.1 VV10 ARO91
01 57 35.82 +63 19 19.9 13.6P 13.0" 3B CAS 17 15.4 W-R/OVI? TYPE C.S.

PK133-8.1 MINK1_2 VV11 ARO116 M1_2
01 58 46.8 +52 53 35 14.92P 18.0" 1 PER 37 13.44v ECL. BIN. EA VAR. SYMBIOTIC C.S./
COMPACT/CIRCUMST. DUST

PK131+2.1 ABELL3 SHARPLESS2_189 VV12 ARO202 SH2_189
02 12 05.8 +64 08 59 18.2P 60.0" 3B CAS 17 18.8B LARGE PN

PK144-15.1 ABELL4 VV13 ARO205
02 45 24.4 +42 32 53 16.7P 20.0" 3B PER 62 19.9B LARGE PN

PK141-7.1 ABELL5 VV14 ARO206
02 52 15.2 +50 36 01 >16.0P 127.0" 4 PER 38 21.4 LARGE PN

PK136+4.1 ABELL6 ARO207
02 58 42.4 +64 29 54 >15.5P 186.0" 2B CAS 17 19.68 LARGE PN

PNG136.3+05.5 (aka PK136+5.1) HECKATHORN,FESEN,GULL 1
03 03 48.8 +64 53 28 ---- 500.0" ---- CAS 18 13.38v CLOSE BIN. REF. EFF. VAR. C.S/
LARGE/ OLD/ ASSYMETRIC/ HIGH EX./EXTENDS >900"

IC289 PK138+2.1 HUBBLE1 Hb1 VV15 ARO86
03 10 19.2 +61 19 01 12.3P 35.0" 4+2 CAS 18 >15.9 MULTIPLE-SHELL PN

NGC1360 PK220-53.1 MINK1_3 VV16 ARO208 ESO482_07 M1_3
03 33 14.63 -25 52 18.6 9.61P 385.0" 3 FOR 312 11.35 LARGE PN/ sdO C.S./SPECTROSCOPIC BINARY C.S.?

PK147-2.1 MINK1_4 M1_4 VV17 ARO209
03 41 44.4 +52 16 36 13.61P 4.0" ---- PER 39 16.7 COMPACT LOW EXCITATION PN

IC351 PK159-15.1 VV18 ARO19
03 47 32.95 +35 02 48.3 12.4P 7.0" 2A PER 95 15.8 COMPACT HIGH EXCIT. PN

PNG149.7-03.3 (aka PK149-3.1) ISHIDA,WEINBERGER 1  IsWe1
03 49 05.9 +50 00 16 ---- 780.0" ---- PER 39 16.56 VERY LARGE LATE-EVOLUTION PN/
PG1159-TYPE C.S./ LOCAL PN

PK171-25.1 BAADE1 VV20 ARO87 ANONYMOUS 03H50M
03 53 35.9 +19 29 40 13.9P 38.0" 4 TAU 132 18.7B OVI-TYPE C.S.

IC2003 PK161-14.1 VV21 ARO76
03 56 22.01 +33 52 30.4 12.6P 8.6" 2 PER 95 15.0 W-R/OVI? C.S./ HIGH EXCITATION PN

NGC1501 PK144+6.1 VV22 ARO44
04 06 59.41 +60 55 14.5 13.3P 52.0" 3 CAM 39 14.39 OVI/W-R TYPE C.S.?

NGC1514 PK165-15.1 VV23 ARO21
04 09 17.0 +30 46 33.3 10.0P 132.0" 3+2 TAU 95 9.42 LARGE PN/ PECULIAR C.S.

PK147+4.1 MINK2_2  M2_2 VV24 ARO211
04 13 16.8 +56 56 35 14.01P 6.1" 3 CAM 39 ---- MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ COMPACT LOW EXCITATION PN

NGC1535 PK206-40.1 VV25 ARO22
04 14 15.78 -12 44 21.6 9.6P 21.0" 4+2C ERI 268 12.18 44" HALO

PK151+2.1 V_V1_2 SHARPLESS2_207  SH2_207 VV26 ARO212
04 19 51.4 +53 09 29 ---- 216.0" MSCL? CAM 39 13.9 VERY REDDENED OBJECT WITH WEAK Ha EMISSION

PK146+7.1 MINK4-18  M4_18 ARO213
04 25 49.8 +60 06 48 15.8V 4.0" ---- CAM 39 13.96 COOL PROTO-TYPE WC9 C.S./
LOW EXCIT. COMPACT PN/ CIRC. DUST

PNG167.4-09.1 (aka PK167-9.1) KOHOUTEK3_66 K3_66
04 36 37.2 +33 39 30 15.4P 2.1R" ---- PER 96 15.36 EITHER VERY COMPACT NEARBY PN OR
VERY DISTANT PN

PK174-14.1 HARO3_29  H3_29 ARO214
04 37 21.0 +25 03 00 15.31P 20.0" ---- TAU 134 >18.6v POS. ASSOC. W/ GL TAU VARIABLE C.S.?/
HIGH EXCIT. PN

PNG165.5-06.5 (aka PK165-6.1) KOHOUTEK3_67 K3_67
04 39 47.9 +36 45 42 13.74P 2.2R" ---- PER 96 18.5B EITHER VERY COMPACT NEARBY PN OR
VERY DISTANT PN

PNG166.4-06.5 (aka PK166-6.1) CRL618 (CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABORATORY SKY SURVEY)
04 42 53.4 +36 06 48 17.95P 12.0" ---- AUR 96 17.0 POS. BP PROTO-PLANETARY NEB./ VERY LOW ION./ AMMONIA FOUND

PK158+0.1 SHARPLESS2_216 SH2_216 SIMEIZ288 YM(JOHNSON)22 YM22
04 45 00.0 +46 49 00 ---- 6000.0" MSCL? PER 65 12.66 CLOSEST KNOWN PN @~120 pc/
BRIGHT LSV+4621 PN C.S./ PROBABLE PN/FILAMENTS

PNG243.8-37.1 (aka PK242-37.1) PRTM1 (PENA)
05 03 01.7 -39 45 44 ---- 23.0" ---- CAE 358 15.6 VERY HIGH EXCITATION PN

PK215-30.1 ABELL7 VV27 ARO215
05 03 09.6 -15 35 47 13.2P 760.0" 3A LEP 269 15.44

PK190-17.1 JONCKHEERE320 J320 VV29 ARO60
05 05 34.28 +10 42 22.6 12.9P 6.4" 2+4 ORI 180 14.42

PK167-0.1 ABELL8 VV28 ARO216
05 06 38.4 +39 08 00 16.6P 60.0" 2B AUR 65 20.2B LARGE PN

PK173-5.1 KOHOUTEK2_1  K2_1 ARO175
05 07 07.1 +30 49 18 13.77P 132.0" 3 AUR 97 18.8B PN STATUS UNCLEAR???

IC2120 PK169-0.1 MINK2-3 M2_3  VV30 ARO77 " COMET SPITALER (1890VIII)?"
05 18 10.39 +37 33 27.6 ---- 47.0" MSCL? AUR 97 16.2 PECULIAR C.S./ POSSIBLE HII REGION?

IC418 PK215-24.1 VV32 ARO3
05 27 28.19 -12 41 50.4 10.7P 12.0" 4 LEP 270 10.17 SPECTRALLY-RICH LOW EXCIT. PN

PK172+0.1 ABELL9 VV31 ARO122
05 28 56.6 +36 03 11 >18.9P 37.0" 4MSCL? AUR 97 23.5 NO SPECTRUM DETECTED

PK197-14.1 ABELL10 KOHOUTEK1-7 K1_7 ARO176
05 31 45.5 +06 56 00 15.2P 34.0" 3 ORI 180 20.2B LARGE PN

PK196-12.1 ABELL11 ARO217
05 37 22.1 +08 15 37 17.1P 32.0" MSCL ORI 181 ---- POS. REFLECTION NEBULA

NGC1985 PK176+0.1 VV33 ARO28
05 37 45.0 +31 58 42 ---- 41.0" MSCL AUR 97 ---- REFLECTION NEBULA/ POS. COMPACT HII REGION

PK193-9.1 HARO3_75 H3_75 ARO218
05 40 44.8 +12 21 16 13.93P 24.0" ---- ORI 181 ----

NGC2022 PK196-10.1 VV34 ARO61
05 42 06.18 +09 05 10.3 12.4P 19.0" 4+2 ORI 181 15.89B MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ HIGH EXCITATION PN

PK184-2.1 MINK1_5 M1_5 VV35 ARO123 ARO219
05 46 52.2 +24 22 06 14.6V 2.0" 1 TAU 136 ---- COMPACT PN

PNG181.5+00.9 (aka PK181+0.1) PURGATHOFER 1 PU1
05 52 48.4 +28 06 26 15.88P 65.0" ---- TAU 98 21.16 LARGE PN

IC2149 PK166+10.1 VV37 ARO23
05 56 23.85 +46 06 17.2 11.2P 8.5" 3B+2 AUR 66 11.59 COMPACT PN

PNG197.4-06.4 (aka PK197-6.1) WEINBERGER, DENGLE, HARTL, SABBADIN 1 WEINBERGER, DENGLE1
05 59 24.7 +10 41 41 ---- 1320.0" ---- ORI 181 17.4 HOTTEST KNOWN WHITE DWARF-TYPE PN C.S./
~.8 SOLAR MASS C.S./925" ELL. RING

PK198-6.1 ABELL12 ARO220
06 02 21.4 +09 39 07 13.9P 37.0" ---- ORI 181 19.7B LARGE PN

PK204-8.1 ABELL13 YM28 (JOHNSON) VV38 ARO124
06 04 48.6 +03 56 38 >16.0P 153.0" 4 ORI 226 19.87 LARGE PN

PK197-3.1 ABELL14 VV39 ARO125
06 11 08.6 +11 46 39 >18.2P 33.0" 2C ORI 182 15.24

PNG184.8+04.4 (aka PK184+4.1) KOHOUTEK3_71 K3_71
06 13 55.0 +26 52 57 18.11P 3.1" ---- GEM 137 ---- EITHER VERY COMPACT NEARBY PN OR VERY
DISTANT PN/ HIGH ION.

PK195-0.1 SHARPLESS2_266 SH2_266
06 18 49.7 +15 16 39 ---- 60.0" MSCL? ORI 182 ---- LOW EXCITATION NEB. AROUND PEC. STAR/
PROBABLE HII REGION

PNG158.9+17.8 (aka PK158+17.1) PURGATHOFER,WEINBERGER 1 PuWe1
06 19 34.2 +55 36 42 11.2P 1200.0" 3 LYN 182 15.3B LARGE PN/OPTICAL DOUBLE C.S.(5.1", 120 DEG.) / FILAMENTS

HD44179 " RED RECTANGLE "
06 20 00.0 -10 39 00 15.0V ~40.0" MSCL? MON 272 ---- POS. BIPOLAR REFLEC. NEB./ NEB. AROUND
STAR HD44179

IC2165 PK221-12.1 VV43 ARO62
06 21 42.67 -12 59 14.0 12.9P 9.0" 3B CMA 272 17.9 SPECTRALLY-RICH HIGH EXCIT.PN

PK194+2.1 JONCKHEERE900 J900  VV44 ARO92
06 25 57.28 +17 47 27.2 12.4P 9.0" 3B+2 GEM 137 17.8 HIGH EXCIT. COMPACT PN/ SPECTRALLY-RICH

PK233-16.1 ABELL15 ARO221 ESO490_01
06 27 02.1 -25 22 49 16.3P 34.0" 4 CMA 317 16.16 sdOp-TYPE C.S./ LARGE PN

NGC2242 PNG170.3+15.8 (aka PK170+15.1)
06 34 07.42 +44 46 37.5 15.16P 22.0" ---- AUR 67 17.6 PREVIOUS. CAT. AS GALAXY/ HIGH IONIZATION/ GALACTIC HALO PN

PK211-3.1 MINK1-6 M1_6  SANDULEAK3_1  Sa3_1 VV45 ARO126
06 35 44.4 -00 05 35 16.15P >5.0" ---- MON 227 15.84 YOUNG C-RICH DUSTY PN

PK189+7.1 MINK1_7 M1_7 VV46 ARO127
06 37 21.0 +24 00 24 13.46P 8.8" 2 GEM 137 19.64 COMPACT YOUNG C-RICH DUSTY PN/
POSSIBLE BIPOLAR PN

PK153+22.1 ABELL16 VV47 ARO222
06 43 56.5 +61 47 14 15.9P 105.0" 2B LYN 21 17.4 MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ LARGE PN

PK221-4.1 ABELL17 VV48 ARO223
06 48 38.1 -09 32 43 18.5P 44.0" 2CMSCL MON 273 19.9 NO EMISSION-LINE OBJECT DETECTED

PK204+4.1 KOHOUTEK2_2  K2_2 ARO128
06 52 28.4 +09 58 17 12.5P 415.0" 3 MON 183 15.0 LARGE PN

PK210+1.1 MINK1_8 M1_8 VV49 ARO129
06 53 31.2 +03 12 11 14.25P 18.0" ---- MON 228 21.38 COMPACT BIPOLAR PN

PK216-0.1 ABELL18 VV50 ARO224
06 56 15.0 -02 53 12 17.5P 73.0" 2B MON 228 20.9 LARGE PN

PK200+8.1 ABELL19 VV51 ARO130
06 59 57.2 +14 36 32 17.0P 67.0" 2B GEM 183 ---- LARGE PN

PK242-11.1 MINK3_1 M3_1 HENIZE2_1 He2_1 SANDULEAK2_3  Sa2_3 STOCK,WROBLEWSKI3_1 WRAY16_1 VV52 ARO534
07 02 49.8 -31 35 30 11.97P 11.2" ?+6 CMA 361 15.55

PK223-2.1 KOHOUTEK1_8 K1_8 ARO226
07 03 17.6 -10 34 56 ---- 79.0" MSCL MON 273 16.8 POSSIBLE HII REGION

PK212+4.1 MINK1_9 M1_9 VV53 ARO131
07 05 18.6 +02 47 24 13.36P 12.0" 1 MON 228 15.6 COMPACT PN

PK234-6.1 KOHOUTEK2_3 K2_3 ARO227 ESO558_11
07 06 57.6 -22 02 16 14.5V 63.0" 3 CMA 318 >21.0B

NGC2346 PK215+3.1 MINK1_10 M1_10  SANDULEAK2_5 Sa2_5 VV54 ARO80 " HOUR GLASS NB " " BUTTERFLY NB "
07 09 22.54 -00 48 24.1 11.85P 52.0" 3B+4 MON 228 11.47v IRREG. VAR. SPECT. BINARY C.S./
BIPOLAR REF./ HIGH EXCIT.

PK232-4.1 MINK1_11 M1_11 SANDULEAK,STEPHENSON2_1 SaSt2_1 VV55 ARO229 ESO558_14
07 11 16.8 -19 51 00 15.93P 2.2R" 1 CMA 318 13.95 PREVIOUSLY A POS. Be STAR/ YOUNG COMPACT
DUSTY PN

PK229-2.1 KOHOUTEK1_10 K1_10  ARO230
07 12 35.9 -16 05 57 ---- 62.0" 3B CMA 274 >21.0B

PK240-7.1 MINK3_2  M3_2 HENIZE2_2 He2_2 VV56 ARO231 ESO428_05
07 14 49.8 -27 50 24 15.74P 7.6" 3B CMA 319 21.1 LARGE BIPOLAR PN

PK232-1.1 MINK1_13 M1_13  SANDULEAK2_7 Sa2_7 VV59 ARO234 ESO559_06
07 21 15.1 -18 08 29 12.91P 10.0" ---- CMA 319 ---- BIPOLAR PN

PK214+7.1 ABELL20 VV60 ARO132
07 22 57.6 +01 45 31 16.3P 67.0" 2C CMI 229 16.56 LARGE PN

NGC2371 / NGC2372 PK189+19.1 VV61 ARO45
07 25 34.71 +29 29 26.3 13.0P 44.0" 3A+2 GEM 100 14.85 LARGE PN/BIPOLAR PN?/ OVI C.S./ IRREGULAR EXCITATION

PK221+5.1 MINK3_3 M3_3 SANDULEAK2_8 Sa2_8 VV62 ARO236
07 26 34.8 -05 21 47 14.26P 12.2" 4 MON 229 ---- LARGE POSSIBLE BIPOLAR PN

PK235-1.1 MINK1_14 M1_14 SANDULEAK2_9 SA2_9 VV64 ARO237 ESO559_11
07 27 56.4 -20 13 23 13.47P 4.7R" ---- PUP 319 14.18 COMPACT PN

PK205+14.1 ABELL21 SHARPLESS2_274 SH2_274 YM29 (JOHNSON) ARO388 " MEDUSA NEBULA "
07 28 59.2 +13 15 16 11.32P 615.0" ---- GEM 184 15.99 PREV. CAT. AS SNR/
FILAMENTARY CRESCENT/ PG1159 C.S./ LOW & HIGH EXCIT.

NGC2392 PK197+17.1 VV63 ARO24 " CLOWN FACE / ESKIMO NEBULA "
07 29 10.77 +20 54 42.9 9.9P 19.5" 3B+3B GEM 139 10.53 MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ BIPOLAR JETS-FLIERS

PK215+11.1 ABELL22 KOHOUTEK1_11 K1_11 ARO133
07 36 08.6 +02 42 28 15.4P 84.0" 3 CMI 229 19.59

PK226+5.1 MINK1_16 M1_16 SANDULEAK2_11 Sa2_11 VV66 ARO239
07 37 19.2 -09 38 47 13.28P 3.0" ?+4 MON 274 16.9 VERY YOUNG PN/ COMPACT BIPOLAR PN

PK228+5.1 MINK1_17 M1_17 SANDULEAK2_12 Sa2_12 VV67 ARO240
07 40 22.2 -11 32 30 13.47P 3.0" ---- PUP 274 18.5B COMPACT PN

NGC2438 PK231+4.2 SANDULEAK2_13 Sa2_13 VV69 ARO46
07 41 50.59 -14 44 07.1 10.1P 64.0" 4+2 PUP 274 17.7B MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/
LARGE PN IN FRONT OF MESSIER 46

NGC2440 PK234+2.1 SANDULEAK2_14 Sa2_14 VV71 ARO47 ESO560_09
07 41 55.37 -18 12 31.4 10.8P 16.0" 5+3 PUP 319 17.65 32"HALO/ ~200,000K C.S./ HIGH & IRREGULAR EXCITATION

PK231+4.1 MINK1_18 M1_18 SANDULEAK2_15 Sa2_15 VV70
07 42 04.2 -14 21 20 14.01P 30.0" 2B PUP 274 20.9B 130" HALO

PK249-5.1 ABELL23 ARO542 ESO368_10
07 43 18.0 -34 45 16 13.1V 54.0" ---- PUP 362 ----

NGC2452 PK243-1.1 HENIZE2_4  He2_4 RODGERS,CAMPBELL,WHITEOAK 17 RCW17 SANDULEAK2_16  Sa2_16 WRAY15_85 VV72 ARO93
07 47 26.22 -27 20 07.7 12.6P 19.0" 4+3 PUP 320 17.71B OVI C.S.

PK236+3.1 KOHOUTEK1_12 K1_12  ARO243 ESO560_16
07 50 11.7 -19 18 02 15.9P 37.0" 2 PUP 320 >21.0B

PK217+14.1 ABELL24 VV73 ARO134
07 51 40.7 +03 00 26 13.6P 355.0" 4+3 CMI 230 17.18 VISUAL BINARY NUCLEUS/ LARGE PN

PK241+2.1 MINK3_4 M3_4 SANDULEAK2_19 Sa2_19 WRAY19_3 VV75 ARO81 ESO494_02
07 55 11.4 -23 38 12 11.87P 13.8" 4 PUP 320 15.72

PK164+31.1 JONES-EMBERSON1 JE1 VV74 ARO121
07 57 46.8 +53 24 53 14.0P 380.0" 4 LYN 43 16.83 NOT GALAXIES NGC 2474/5!/ LARGE PN/PG1159 C.S.

PK245+1.1 MINK3_5  M3_5 HENIZE2_6 He2_6 SANDULEAK2_20 Sa2_20 WRAY16_10 VV76 ARO244 ESO430_10
08 02 28.8 -27 41 54 13.87P 6.8" 4 PUP 320 >17.9

PK224+15.1 ABELL25 KOHOUTEK1_13 K1_13 ARO246
08 06 45.7 -02 52 53 15.4P 165.0" 3B MON 230 18.94 LARGE PN

PNG238.9+07.3 (aka PK238+7.2) SANDULEAK2_21 Sa2_21 ESO561_16 MCG_3_21_4
08 08 44.3 -19 14 01 13.68P 40.0" ---- PUP 320 ---- PREVIOUSLY CATALOGUED AS A GALAXY(MCG-3-21-4)

PK250+0.1 ABELL26 ARO545 ESO369_05
08 09 02.1 -32 40 27 18.1P 40.0" 2 PUP 362 ----

PK264-8.1 HENIZE2_7  He2_7 STOCK,WROBLEWSKI3_3 WRAY16_16 ESO209_19
08 11 31.8 -48 43 17 12.4P 45.0" 2 VEL 396 16.9

PNG262.6-4.6 (aka PK262-4.1) LONGMORE,TRITTON2 LoTr2  WRAY17_18 ESO259_06
08 24 07.2 -45 26 53 15.37P 20.0" 4 VEL 397 ----

PNG191.4+33.1 TON320 WD0823+317
08 27 05.6 +31 30 09 ---- 1800.0" ---- CNC 102 15.82 TWO CON-CENTRIC NEBULOUS FILAMENTS
AROUND HOT WHITE DWARF STAR

PK258-0.1 HENIZE2_9 He2_9 SANDULEAK2_26 Sa2_26 WRAY16_21 MWC AS 200 (MERREILL,BURWELL)
MHa 392-16(MOUNT WILSON PLATES) ESO 312-05
08 28 27.6 -39 23 42 14.48P 4.4" ---- VEL 363 16.25

PK252+4.1 ABELL27 KOHOUTEK1_1 K1_1 ESO431_14
08 31 52.6 -32 06 11 >17.9P 43.0" 3B PYX 363 13.93 LARGE PN

NGC2610 PK239+13.1 SANDULEAK2_27 Sa2_27 VV77 ARO64
08 33 23.38 -16 08 57.2 13.6P 38.0" 4+2 HYA 276 15.9  MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ LARGE PN

PK259+0.1 HENIZE2_11 He2_11 WRAY16_23 ESO313_05
08 37 07.8 -39 26 23 13.88P 65.0" ---- VEL 363 18.9

PK244+12.1 ABELL29 VV79 ESO563_09
08 40 24.2 -20 54 34 14.3P 400.0" 4 PYX 321 18.35

PK158+37.1 ABELL28 VV78
08 41 36.4 +58 14 10 >14.6P 270.0" 2B UMA 4 17.4 LARGE PN

PK208+33.1 ABELL30
08 46 53.6 +17 52 46 15.6P 127.0" 2C CNC 141 14.38 H-POOR/DUSTY/ HE-KNOTS ~14" FROM C.S./
BP JETS/ OVI C.S./ HE-SHELL FINAL FLASH C/S?

PK261+2.1 HENIZE2_15 He2_15 SANDULEAK2_32 Sa2_32 WRAY16_32 MWC AS204 (MERRILL,BURWELL)
MHa392_12 (MOUNT WILSON PLATES) ESO313_17
08 53 30.6 -40 03 35 14.14P 24.0" ---- VEL 397 >17.8 POSSIBLE BIPOLAR PN

PK219+31.1 ABELL31 SHARPLESS2_290 SH2_290 VV81 ARO135
08 54 11.4 +08 54 30 12.2P 970.0" 3A CNC 187 15.51 ASSYMETRIC FILAMENTARY NEBULA/ LARGEST (LINEAR) KNOWN PN(7.6x7.1pc)

PK253+10.1 KOHOUTEK1_2 K1_2 ESO432_14
08 57 46.0 -28 57 35 15.3P 58.0" 2 PYX 322 16.6v BIN. C.S./ REF. EFF. VAR./ BIPOLAR JETS/ 110" HALO

PK273-3.1 HENIZE2_18 He2_18  SANDULEAK2_35 Sa2_35 WRAY16_35 ESO166_02
09 08 40.2 -53 19 12 14.8P 11.0" ---- VEL 425 ---- POSSIBLE BIPOLAR PN

NGC2792 PK265+4.1 HENIZE2_20 SANDULEAK2_36 Sa2_36 WRAY16_36 VV86 ARO507 ESO314_06
09 12 26.52 -42 25 41.1 13.5P 13.0" 4 VEL 398 17.22 HIGH OXYGEN CONTENT

PK275-4.2 HENIZE2_21 He2_21  SANDULEAK2_37 Sa2_37 WRAY15_344 ESO166_05
09 13 52.8 -55 28 12 13.53P 2.4" ---- VEL 425 ----

PK275-4.1 PEIMBERT,BATIZ 4 PB4 HENIZE2_22 He2_22 SANDULEAK2_38 Sa2_38 WRAY16_37 ESO166_06
09 15 07.8 -54 52 42 12.77P 10.2" ---- VEL 425 16.12

NGC2818A PK261+8.1 HENIZE2_23 He2_23 HUBBLE2 Hb2 MAYALL45 STOCK,WROBLEWSKI4-6 SANDULEAK2_39 Sa2_39 WRAY16_38 VV88 ARO508 ESO372_13
09 16 01.55 -36 36 37.5 13.0P 50.0" 3B PYX 364 19.45B MEMBER OF O.C. NGC 2818/ BIPOLAR PN

PK268+2.1 HENIZE2_24 He2_24 PEIMBERT,BATIZ5 PB5 SANDULEAK2_40 Sa2_40 WRAY16_39 ESO261_04
09 16 09.6 -45 28 47 14.21P <5.0" 1 VEL 398 18.7

PK227+33.1 ABELL32 VV87 ARO178
09 16 21.6 +03 53 04 16.1P 120.0" MSCL HYA 232 19.4 POSSIBLE GALAXY OR PLATE FAULT?

NGC2867 PK278-5.1 HENIZE2_27 He2_27 STOCK,WROBLEWSKI3_6 WRAY16_43 VV89 ARO509 ESO126_08
09 21 25.35 -58 18 41.5 9.7P 14.0" 4 CAR 425 16.62B  MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ COMPACT PN/ OVI C.S.

PK275-2.1 HENIZE2_28 He2_28 SANDULEAK2_43 Sa2_43 WRAY16_44 ESO166_09
09 22 06.6 -54 09 36 14.83P 10.0" ---- VEL 425 17.0

PK275-2.2 HENIZE2_29 He2_29 SANDULEAK2_44 Sa2_44 WRAY16_46 ESO166_10
09 24 45.6 -54 36 12 13.31P 14.0" ---- VEL 425 ----

NGC2899 PK277-3.1 HENIZE2_30 He2_30 MAYALL48 SANDULEAK2_45 Sa2_45 WRAY16_47 RODGERS,CAMPBELL,WHITEOAK 43 RCW43 GUM27 ESO166_13
09 27 03.01 -56 06 21.7 12.24P 90.0" ---- VEL 425 >15.9 EVOLVED BIPOLAR PN/ POSSIBLE BINARY NUC.

PK238+34.1 ABELL33 VV91 ARO65
09 39 09.2 -02 48 35 13.4P 270.0" 2B HYA 233 15.5 VISUAL C.S. COMPANION/ LARGE PN

PK279-3.1 HENIZE2_36 He2_36 SANDULEAK2_49 Sa2_49 WRAY15_428 ESO167_03
09 43 25.8 -57 16 53 13.36P 22.0" ---- CAR 426 11.3 SPECT. BINARY C.S./ BIPOLAR PN/ COMPACT PN/ APPARENT JET

PK248+29.1 ABELL34 VV93
09 45 34.4 -13 10 27 14.5P 290.0" 2B HYA 278 16.32 LARGE PN

PK274+3.1 HENIZE2_37 He2_37 SANDULEAK2_50 Sa2_50 WRAY16_59 ESO213_01
09 47 24.6 -48 58 05 13.97P 23.0" ---- VEL 398 ---- POSSIBLE SYMBIOTIC STAR?

PNG273.6+06.1 (aka PK273+6.1 ) DS3 (DRILLING3 ) HEBER,DRILLING1 HD1
09 52 44.8 -46 17 09 ---- 90.0" 4 VEL 398 12.47

PNG221.5+46.3 (aka PK221+46.1) EGB6 (ELLIS) BN0950+13 PG0350+13.9
09 53 00.5 +13 44 51 10.41P 720.0" ---- LEO 189 16.04 VERY OLD LARGE PN/ VERY HOT WHITE
DWARF C.S./ SPECTRALLY-RICH NUCLEUS

NGC3132 PK272+12.1 HENIZE2_40 He2_40 SANDULEAK2_53 Sa2_53 STOCK,WROBLEWSKI4-8 VV94 ARO504 ESO316_27 " EIGHT_BURST PLANETARY "
10 07 01.77 -40 26 11.7 8.2P 30.0" 4+2 VEL 399 10.07 MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ PECULIAR VISUAL BIN. NUC.

PNG280.0+02.9 (aka PK280+2.1) SANDULEAK2_56 Sa2_56 STEPHENSON2_1 Ste2_1
10 12 00.0 -52 39 05 13.45P 20.0" ---- VEL 426 ----

PK283-1.1 HENIZE2_45 He2_45 HOFFLEIT4 SANDULEAK3_12 Sa3_12 WRAY16_69 ESO127_12
10 15 34.8 -58 51 12 16.66P 21.0" 4 CAR 426 ---- POSSIBLE BIPOLAR PN

NGC3242 PK261+32.1 VV98 ARO4 ESO568_05 " GHOST OF JUPITER " " CBS NEBULA "
10 24 46.11 -18 38 32.6 8.6P 25.0" 4+3B HYA 325 13.31 MULTIPLE-SHELL PN/ 1252" HALO/ BIPOLAR JETS-FLIERS

PNG270.1+24.8 (aka PK270+24.1) KOHOUTEK1_28 K1_28 ESO436_41
10 34 30.6 -29 11 11 ---- 54.0" ---- HYA 366 16.7B

PK285+1.1 PEREK1_1 Pe1_1 HENIZE2_52 He2_52 SANDULEAK2_64 Sa2_64 WRAY16_75 VV101 ESO168_10
10 38 28.2 -56 47 05 14.04P 3.0" ---- VEL 427 ---- W-R TYPE C.S.?

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doug snyder  Dec 1998 Revised Oct 2000